The most recent health news from around the world is presented in this roundup.
Top health stories include the potential for a million fatalities if TB prevention efforts are not implemented, an improvement in infant immunization rates following a pandemic fall, and a rise in people who are too ill to work in the UK due to depression and anxiety.
1. Preventing 1 million TB deaths requires action
By 2035, close to a million people might die from tuberculosis if contact tracing and prevention strategies are not put in place, according to a warning from the UN health innovation agency Unitaid.
By 2035, 850,000 lives might be saved, according to a joint study by Unitaid, John Hopkins University, and the Aurum Institute. The plan involves identifying household contacts and offering TB preventive medication.
Despite being treatable and preventable, tuberculosis (TB) is the deadliest infectious illness in the world. The UN organization emphasizes that prevention is the most economical course of action.
"At the moment, too many family members of people diagnosed with TB are slipping through the cracks and too many lives are being lost," said Tess Ryckman, a faculty member at Johns Hopkins.
The finding comes as pharmaceutical behemoth Johnson & Johnson has reached a global agreement to permit generic copies of its anti-TB medication to be given to low- and middle-income countries, according to The Guardian.
2. Immunization rates have increased, although they are still below pre-pandemic levels.
New data from the World Health Organization and UNICEF reveal that global immunization efforts reached more children in 2022 than in 2021, yet more children continued to be ignored than before the pandemic.
In 2022, 20.5 youngsters failed to receive one or more vaccinations, down from 24.4 million in 2021, according to data. In 2019, 18.4 million people were affected, before the epidemic.
Globally, the immunization rates have improved, but not equally. Most low-income countries are recovering more slowly, and in some cases, are even continuing to fall, whereas India and Indonesia, two well-resourced nations with sizable newborn populations, are making progress. This is especially true for the vaccine against measles.
3. More global health-related news in three words
The primary causes of the rising number of people in the UK who are too unwell to work are depression and anxiety. According to official data, an additional 412,000 persons aged 16 to 64 were unable to work in the three months leading up to the end of May compared to before the outbreak. This is a 20% rise.
The announcement comes as the US Biden administration asks insurers to amend the 2008 Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act to increase access to mental healthcare.
After the country's health ministry approved clearance for Daiichi Sankyo's mRNA-based shot, Japan is one step closer to receiving its first COVID-19 vaccination. The Daichirona vaccine, which is being recommended as a booster shot following routine immunization, was submitted to authorities in January.
A brand-new tool developed by scientists can quickly find coronavirus in the air within 5 minutes. The device leverages cyclone technology to enable real-time monitoring. According to the researchers, widespread adoption of the technology could assist public health officials in implementing disease control measures more quickly.
4. More from Agenda on health
A recent World Health Organization research claims that since 2015, the reduction of mother and infant fatalities has halted. 4.5 million women and infants pass away every year during pregnancy, childbirth, or the first few weeks of life. The COVID-19 epidemic, increased poverty, and escalating humanitarian crises have all exacerbated the issue and put tremendous strain on maternity and newborn health facilities.
According to a recent study, millennials are significantly more likely to have early-onset malignancies. The researchers speculate that a sedentary lifestyle and a Western diet high in processed foods may play a role. Cancer rates have climbed more quickly among 25- to 29-year-olds than for any other age group in the G20 countries during the previous 30 years, according to the Financial Times.
Extreme heat and heat stress can aggravate pre-existing diseases including heart, lung, and renal disease, as well as cause delirium in older persons, who are particularly vulnerable as temperatures increase in many parts of the world.
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