Every year on June 7, the goal of World Food Safety Day is to raise awareness of and encourage action about food safety. To emphasize the significance of safe food for the general public's health and well-being, the United Nations General Assembly created World Food Safety Day in December 2018. The day aims to support efforts to avoid, detect, and control foodborne risks and raise awareness of the need for safe, nourishing, and sustainable food worldwide. Food safety is a major global problem since consuming improper food increases the risk of contracting food-borne infections, which can have serious health effects. Nearly 1 in 10 of the estimated 600 million annual deaths are attributed to food-borne infections, which also claim the lives of 420,000 people, It caused 33 million years of healthy life to be lost. Food safety issues can have a negative influence on trade and tourism, which can have an impact on both national economies and the livelihoods of those working in the food business. In low-income and middle-income countries, the annual cost of unsafe food is estimated to be US$110 billion in lost productivity and medical expenses.
World Food Safety Day addresses several facets of food safety by focusing on a particular theme each year. "Food Standards Save Lives" is the topic for World Food Safety Day in 2023. Food standards are a set of rules intended to guarantee the quality and safety of food items. As such, they are essential for preserving the general public's health and saving lives.
They give farmers and processors a structure to follow while processing food items safely and hygienically. The Food Code, commonly known as "Codex Alimentarius," is a global system of norms, guidelines, and codes of conduct created to protect the welfare of consumers and advance moral conduct in the food business. To protect consumer health and advance moral standards in the food sector, the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) and the World Health Organisation (WHO) formed the Codex Alimentarius Commission in 1963. With almost 60 years of existence, the Codex guidelines form the foundation of food safety. The "food code" keeps growing every year as new standards are produced and existing standards are changed in response to new knowledge.
By WHO's Global Strategy for Food Safety 2022–2030, member states are urged to develop, modify, and strengthen their national food safety frameworks using an integrated strategy that integrates food safety and quality, the environment, agriculture, and health. Codex norms and documents must be codified as national laws or regulations to be enforced because they are not legally binding. The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) is responsible for overseeing food standards and laws in India. The FSSAI plays a significant part in guaranteeing food safety and advancing public health by monitoring and supervising food-related operations. To maintain food safety, it is crucial for Indian food enterprises and customers to be aware of these standards and laws and to assure compliance.
Food standards establish guidelines and regulations for food production, processing, handling, and storage in addition to preventing food-borne illnesses. They also manage potential allergen cross-contamination, label allergenic ingredients, prevent food fraud for financial gain, and facilitate international trade by fostering a level playing field for producers and guaranteeing that food products meet safety and quality requirements. Countries can build mutual trust in one another's food safety systems by adhering to agreed standards, enabling food import and export while preserving public health.
We can reduce health risks, reduce food waste, increase consumer confidence, improve agricultural output, and ease trade by putting a high priority on food safety. When everyone has access to food that is safe, nourishing, and sufficient to suit their dietary needs and tastes, food security has been achieved. Food standards provide a fundamental framework for guaranteeing our food supply's integrity, safety, and quality. By adhering to these standards, food producers, processors, distributors, and retailers help to protect consumers' health by preventing the spread of food-borne illnesses.
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