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04 Feb 23 63 0 0

How awareness helps in the fight to combat HIV, malaria, and TB

Cool Story - How awareness helps in the fight to combat HIV, malaria, and TB

Even while the health ministry has taken other aggressive measures to combat two other deadly diseases, TB and HIV/Aids, sleeping under treated mosquito nets has shown to be a crucial approach to preventing malaria.

At least 54% of Kenyan households, up from 40% in 2015, own insecticide-treated nets (ITNs), according to the 2022 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey.

37 percent of these households had at least one net for every two occupants.

Except for 2020, when 49% of households owned an ITN, ITN ownership has remained largely stable since 2008-2009, with at least half of households possessing one mosquito net.

According to the research, "Fifty-one percent of children under five and forty-five percent of pregnant women slept under an ITN the night before the poll."

In comparison to urban regions, where only 41% of people own mosquito nets, ownership is higher in rural areas (64%).

In contrast to the 40% of children who slept under an ITN in urban settings, at least 57% of children in rural regions did so.

According to the survey, ownership of ITNs is higher—at 63 percent—in the lake and highland regions where malaria is endemic and lowest—at 18 percent—in the regions where malaria only offers a seasonal danger.

According to the research, TB, which is linked to high rates of morbidity and mortality, is still a significant public health issue in Kenya.

According to the survey, "TB awareness is practically widespread in Kenya; 97% of women and 98% of males aged 15 to 49 have heard of TB."

According to the data, barely 1% of men and women had received a TB diagnosis before the study.

However, misinformation is the primary obstacle in the fight against TB, with 5% of women and 4% of men believing that persons who develop TB are those who are HIV positive.

Only a little more than half of individuals are aware of HIV prevention, even though the nation is working to increase the uptake of HIV testing, treatment, and lowering of viral loads.

According to the paper, understanding how HIV is transmitted is important, especially among young adults since they tend to have shorter sexual relationships, have several partners, or engage in other risky behaviors.

Kenya reached the worldwide goal of 90:90:90 in 2020, meaning that 90% of persons with HIV are aware of their status, 90% are receiving anti-retroviral treatment, and 90% of those receiving treatment have suppressed viral levels.

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