The health department has started training doctors, female health workers, and personnel of municipal authorities to eradicate mosquitoes as part of the Dengue Action Plan in response to a fall in dengue hemorrhagic fever cases mostly owing to a drop in temperature.
In partnership with 19 line departments, the plan put into place in December of last year aims to build an integrated strategy for the prevention, containment, and management of infected individuals.
According to officials, the health department was taking action to manage the virus's environment on the orders of Chief Secretary Dr. Shahzad Khan Bangash to reduce the prevalence of the vector-borne sickness, which was endemic in the province, the next year.
"Prevention involves a variety of approaches, but we are choosing environmental approaches since they are reliable, long-lasting, and harm-free," they declared.
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa's Directorate-General Health Services reported that 167 new cases of the virus were discovered on Wednesday, bringing the total number of infections caused by it to 19,327.
According to entomologist Salahuddin Khan, environmental management is maintaining cleanliness to get rid of larvae and eggs to lessen mosquito generation and control disease.
According to him, "the government has deployed 36 medical entomologists for the eradication of mosquitoes, the virus's only vector, and training of field employees on the identification of larva and eggs and removal tactics."
He continued by saying that it was the only long-term remedy for dengue management in other high-risk regions including Peshawar, Mardan, Khyber, and Nowshera.
Ending standing water pools by using larvicides and insecticides or other biological techniques, and raising awareness in the community to inform people that storing water in open pots, air conditioners, flower pots, and other containers is a source of mosquitoes. First, we are prioritizing environmental management since it poses no risks, whereas excessive spraying puts human lives in peril. According to Dr. Salahuddin, the community must play a crucial role to eradicate dengue.
According to him, teaching medical professionals in the clinical evaluation of suspects, signs and symptoms, sample collection, and care of positive cases is an ongoing effort.
He said that the chief secretary, who is in charge of implementing the Dengue Action Plan 2021, had released an emergency budget of Rs. 17 million for the purchase of cleaning supplies, medications, research kits, and bed nets. He stated that out of the 218 union councils, 18 had a high risk of dengue infection, 25 had a medium risk, and 175 had a low risk. As a result, the joint effort had begun to eradicate larvae in homes and at the community level using a multi-sectoral strategy.
According to public health experts, in 2017 Khyber Pakhtunkhwa recorded 24,938 dengue cases, with 70 fatalities (0.28 percent mortality rate) and a detection rate of 94.3% in Peshawar. Every year, the provincial capital continues to have the highest number of dengue cases. This year, it has tallied 50% of the total cases in the province.
Only 15 people were killed by the virus in the province, according to reports, making it less severe than in previous years, although morbidity was at its highest level in the previous five years.
According to experts, rain would completely kill the dengue virus, but a preventive approach was required to inhibit the breeding of mosquitoes that spread the disease through bites. They were concerned that dengue, which is known to spread slowly in April and peak in September and October, might do so again the following year. In locations with access to electricity and water, the environment is kept clean. Such locations protect their inhabitants from mosquito bites.
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