Malaria is the most common illness being treated at health facilities all around Madagascar, and Americans are assisting in the fight against it. Malaria is now the fourth most common cause of hospital mortality in Madagascar, having infected more than one million individuals since 2022.
The U.S. government and the Ministry of Public Health's National Malaria Control Program inaugurated an insecticide spraying campaign to combat malaria in the regions of Matsiatra Ambony, Anosy, and Ihorombe in a ceremony on November 10 in the Isorana Commune of the Matsiatra Ambony Region.
Insecticide approved for human consumption will be applied to the walls and ceilings of nearly 200,000 homes during the October 31–December 2 campaign with assistance from the U.S. government through the President's Malaria Initiative (PMI) and U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). This will protect 900,000 people in five health districts with high malaria prevalence rates. This includes more than 150,000 kids under the age of five and roughly 36,000 pregnant mothers.
According to Solofo Razakamiadana, Malaria Data Specialist with USAID/Madagascar, "Indoor residual spraying is a cost-effective approach to control malaria, which continues to endanger the health and well-being of the Malagasy people."
"Spraying can significantly minimize the spread of this terrible disease, especially when paired with other malaria control measures like using bed nets, giving pregnant women early preventive therapy, and giving those with malaria prompt medical attention."
The spraying campaign is carried out by COVID-19 guidelines and environmental rules and is carried out in collaboration with PMI's global Vector Link initiative. It also includes monthly monitoring to ensure that treatments stay effective.
In addition, USAID helped communities in 27 high-transmission regions of Madagascar receive more than 3.7 million insecticide-treated bed nets, purchased medications worth more than $500,000, and helped more than 17,000 community health professionals offer care and referrals for young children.
The U.S. government collaborates with Madagascar to improve access to and the provision of high-quality healthcare services, or "mpirahalahy mianala." The U.S. government has contributed more than $440 million to health-related activities since 2015, making it the largest bilateral donor to Madagascar's health sector. This amount includes a $26 million investment in malaria treatments in 2021.
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